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Старый 06.11.2015, 17:37   #1
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По умолчанию : Fine Clocks by James Cox



mid 18th century agate-paneled and silver-mounted musical ormolu table clock with moon-phase indication

Fine Clocks by James Cox. These exceptional mid 18th century agate-paneled and silver-mounted musical ormolu table clock with moon-phase indication were sold for £385,250 on 12 Dec 2012 in London. British jeweler, goldsmith and entrepreneur James Cox (1723–1800) was famous for his mechanical clocks, including Cox’s timepiece (powered by atmospheric pressure) and the life-size Peacock automaton, which is in the State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Cox was not only watchmaker and a mechanic, but also an inventor. He invented clocks with perpetual engine. Mercury served as the force, moving under the influence of the atmospheric pressure of the glass receptacle in a glass tube. And vessel and pipes were hung on chains and balanced by counterweights. According to Coke, when mercury under atmospheric pressure rose in the tube, the latter increased in weight, fell and the result was powerful strength for clocks. Their height was 7 feet.


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)

However, Cox himself was not a clockmaker by trade but a goldsmith and jeweler, producing many smaller articles in his own Shoe Lane workshop or through other craftsmen working to his designs. The most characteristic of these smaller pieces were necessaries, snuffboxes and caskets made of agate panels held in gold or gilt-metal cage-work. These luxury articles, which often incorporated musical movements and watches, were sometimes used as elements in his larger compositions


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Fine Clocks by James Cox (detail)


Clocks by British jeweler, goldsmith and entrepreneur James Cox (1723–1800)


exhibition poster


Jewel cabinet incorporating a watch, possibly before 1766

Jewel cabinet incorporating a watch, possibly before 1766

Signed by James Cox. Agate, mounted in gilded copper and gilded brass and set with painted enamel plaques, and fruitwood. Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964 (64.101.829)


life-size Peacock automaton, the State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia


Miniature secretary incorporating a watch, ca. 1766–72

Miniature secretary incorporating a watch, ca. 1766–72

Signed by James Cox. Case: agate, with gold mounts, gilded brass, pearls, and paste jewels set in silver; dial: white enamel


Automaton in the form of a chariot pushed by a Chinese attendant and set with a clock, 1766. Signed by James Cox

Automaton in the form of a chariot pushed by a Chinese attendant and set with a clock, 1766. Signed by James Cox. Case: gold, with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver; pearls; dial: white enamel; movement: brass, partly gilded, and steel; the balance wheel and cock of silver set with paste jewels


Necessaire incorporating an automaton watch, ca. 1770–72, signed by Cox


Necessaire incorporating an automaton watch, ca. 1770–72, signed by Cox

Necessaire incorporating an automaton watch, ca. 1770–72

Signed by James Cox. Case: moss agate, mounted in gold and set with diamonds, rubies, and emeralds; silver; and mirror glass; dial: white enamel, with frame pavé set with paste jewels


Pair-case automaton watch, ca. 1770–75, Signed by James Cox

Pair-case automaton watch, ca. 1770–75, Signed by James Cox. Outer case: gold, partly enameled and set with gemstones and paste jewels; inner case: gold with casemaker’s mark of Peter Mounier (English, recorded 1761–73); dial: white enamel, with frame set with paste jewels; movement: brass, steel, and silver

Fine Clocks by James Cox

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agate , agate-panel , article , atmospheric , attendant , automaton , brass , british , cabinet , case , century , chariot , chinese , clock , detail , dial , diamond , enamel , entrepreneur , fine , form , frame , gilded , glass , gold , goldsmith , hermitage , incorporate , indication , james , jewel , jeweler , life-size , mercury , miniature , moon-phase , mounted , movement , museum , musical , nécessaire , necessaire-incorporating-an-automaton-watch-ca , ormolu , pair-case , paste , peacock , pearl , petersburg , pressure , pushed , russia , saint , secretary , sign , silver , silver-mounted , small , state , steel , table , tube , viola , watch , white

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